Journal of West African Languages

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Personal Pronouns in the Ìlàjẹ Dialect of Yorùbá Personal Pronouns in the Ìlàjẹ Dialect of Yorùbá

Previous studies on Yorùbá pronouns have not been able to describe the structural hierarchical composition of the features that inform their syntactic distribution. This paper, therefore, provided an account of such composition in the personal pronoun of Ìlàjẹ, a south-eastern Yorùbá dialect, with a view to describing how the lexicon employs these feature complexes in matching each form of the pronoun with its functions in syntax. Within the Harley's Feature Geometry Framework, data collected from the native speakers of Ìlàjẹ purposively selected from Ìgbọ́kọ̀dá, Ugbò, Ayétòrò, Ùlóghó, and Ìkórígho in Ìlàjẹ local government area were analysed to reveal the syntactic and morphological functions of the personal pronouns in the dialect. The paper identifies four main features in the pronoun: person, number, case and saliency. These features were further analysed to be specified as follows: person as [±participant, ±speaker]; number as [±count, ±singular]; case as [±nominative, ±accusative]; and saliency as [±definiteness, ±logophoric].The paper established that the dependent and independent personal pronouns are distinct sub groups of the pronoun in the lexicon having their syntactic distributions driven by different saliency feature specifications.


Volume Number 46.2
Topic #1 Pronouns
Topic #2 Dialectology
Author This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Language Family Other Benue-Congo
Subject Language Yoruba

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