Journal of West African Languages

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The syntax and semantics of lexical causative constructions in Dangme The syntax and semantics of lexical causative constructions in Dangme

This paper seeks to explore the syntactic and semantic properties of lexical causative verbs in Dangme, a language that belongs to the Kwa group of the Niger-Congo family of languages. It identified different aspect types of lexical causative expressions in state and non-state verbs. The investigation makes substantial use of description and explanation of semantic event, instrument, force and agentive to arrive at a result. This paper discusses the nature and structure of lexical causative constructions in Dangme. It is to be noted that unlike the periphrastic causative construction which has an independent verb expressing cause and a matrix verb denoting the caused event, the lexical causative verbs are single verbs that bear the causative meaning inherent in them. The data under consideration reveals three main aspect types of lexical causative situations expressed with action, semefactives and stative verbs. I demonstrate that the result of cause expressed by these classes of verbs denote change-of-state, change-of-location, change-of-position and appearance in the object-causee or the undergoer of the action, process or state designated by the cause verb. Data for the paper were drawn from both primary and secondary sources.


Volume Number 43.2
Topic #1 Syntax
Topic #2 Semantics
Author This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Language English
Language Family Kwa
Subject Language Dangme

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