Journal of West African Languages

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The sociolinguistic criteria guiding invitation to meals among the Yorùbá of south-western Nigeria The sociolinguistic criteria guiding invitation to meals among the Yorùbá of south-western Nigeria

It is customary in Yorùbá community to invite people while eating and failure to do so is a violation of an important social etiquette in the area of human relation or a violation of the formal rules of correct or polite behaviour in Yorùbá society. This study examines invitation to meals as speech behaviour among the Yorùbá people of Southwestern Nigeria. The instruments used included participant observation, recorded utterances and actual interaction from some Yorùbá literature books. The study illustrates and discusses the social and grammatical rules underlying invitation to meals and its response. It also shows the significance of the interaction between language and social behaviour among the Yorùbá people. In all, the study emphasises that invitation to meals as well as its response is a sociolinguistic issue which depicts a conventional system of social interaction among the Yorùbá people.

Il est de coutume dans les communauté Yorùbá d’inviter les gens pendant les repas et le défaut de le faire est une violation d’une etiquette sociale importante dans le domaine des relations entre les hommes ou une violation des règles formelles de comportement correct ou de politesse dans la société Yorùbá. Cette etude examine l’invitation à des repas comme un comportement normal parmi le peuple Yorùbá du sud-ouest du Nigeria. Les instruments utilisés notamment sont l’observation participante, les paroles enrégistrées et la consultation des certains livres de literature Yorùbá. L’étude illustre et discute les règles sociales et de grammaire sous-jacentes de l’invitation aux repas et à sa réponse. Il montre également l’importance de l’interaction entre la langue et le comportement social chez les Yorùbá. En definitive, l’étude souligne que l’invitation à des repas ainsi que sa réponse est une question sociolinguistique qui représente un système classique de l’interaction sociale entre les peuples Yorùbá.


Volume Number 38.2
Topic #1 Sociolinguistics
Author This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Language English
Language Family Other Benue-Congo
Subject Language Yoruba

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